RSS
Add to Chrome
Introduction to Port Forwarding

Introduction to Port Forwarding

Guide to opening up a port ports on your router to allow P2P and file-sharing programs like BitTorrent to function properly.

For those just getting started with downloading and uploading files via a router there’s nothing more annoying that staring at poor download and upload speeds in your BitTorrent client. Oftentimes its because you don’t have a port properly forwarded – a process which can be confusing for many.

Port forwarding is also essential for running FTP servers and other programs that want to communicate with the world outside your home network. Below, in just a few easy steps, I’ll show you how to get the job done.

Now there are a variety of different routers out there, each of course having a different user interface that one must access to make changes to the router. The two most common routers used by individuals are the Linksys and Netgear models, and those are the two I’ll be covering.

LINKSYS Router Port Forwarding Guide | Netgear Router Port Forwarding Guide

 

LINKSYS

The first step in port forwarding is accessing the router. The IP address varies from router to router, so check the manufacturers website or the handbook that was included when purchased. Next open your internet browser and type in the proper IP address according to the directions below.

For LINKSYS the IP address is 192.168.1.1 and the default logins are as follows:

username = admin
password = admin

Remember to change the password after logging on for the first time if you haven’t done so already. Since the user defaults are widely known, and are exactly that–defaults, anyone can log on to your router and leech off your bandwidth, or even worse – monitor your web traffic and steal private personal data. So it cannot be stressed enough to change your passwords after logging on.

Okay now for the fun part, forwarding those pesky ports.

After logging on, you will see the main setup page. Click on the Applications & Gaming tab at the top of the page.

This will bring you to the Port Range Forward page. Here is where we will actually forward the ports as the page name implies.

In the first box enter the name of the application this will apply to, be it BitTorrent, eMule , eDonkey, or whatever. For arguments sake we’ll apply it here as BitTorrent, with the specific BitTorrent client to be uTorrent. So for Application type “uTorrent.”

For the Start and End Port, select a port from the reccomended 49152 – 65535 range (For BitTorrent only, and be sure to apply this port number to uTorrent as well). Keep in mind that ports are program specific so check which ones the program requires to be forwarded. Type the port number or range in both boxes. For a single port you’ll enter the same number on both “Start” and “End.”

In the IP Address box type the name of the computer’s IP address for which the port is to be forwarded to. If your not sure what your IP address is just type “What is my IP address” in Google.

To finish check the “enable” box and click “Save Settings at the bottom of the page and were all done.”

Presto, your ports are now forwarded.

 

NETGEAR

For NETGEAR the IP address is 192.168.0.1 and the default logins are as follows:

username = admin
password = password

Remember to change the password after logging on for the first time if you haven’t done so already. Since the user defaults are widely known, and are exactly that–defaults, anyone can log on to your router and leech off your bandwidth, or even worse – monitor your web traffic and steal private personal data. So it cannot be stressed enough to change your passwords after logging on.

After logging on, you will arive at the main setup page. Click on the Port Forwarding/Port Triggering tab on the left hand-side of the screen.

This will bring you to the Port Forwarding page.

We’re going to “Add Custom Service,” so click this tab at the center of the page.

In the first box enter the name of the application this will apply to, be it BitTorrenteMule , eDonkey, or whatever. For arguments sake we’ll apply it here as BitTorrent, with the specific BitTorrent client to be uTorrent. So for Application type “uTorrent.”

For the Start and End Port, we’ll select a port from the recommended 49152 – 65535 range (For BitTorrent only, and be sure to apply this port number to the uTorrent client as well.). Keep in mind that ports used are program specific so check which ones the program requires to be forwarded. Type the port number or range in both boxes.

The “Server IP Address” is the IP address of the computer whose ports you want to forward. If your not sure what your IP address is just type “What is my IP address” in Google.

To finish, click “Apply”.

Presto, your ports are now forwarded.

 

Stay tuned.

[email protected] | @jaredmoya

Jared Moya
I've been interested in P2P since the early, high-flying days of Napster and KaZaA. I believe that analog copyright laws are ill-suited to the digital age, and that art and culture shouldn't be subject to the whims of international entertainment industry conglomerates. Twitter | Google Plus
jimmyeggs
jimmyeggs

Following thistutorial isn't going to get the job done.

"If your not sure what your IP address is just type “What is my IP address” in Google"

Google will return your network's public IP address; the one assigned by your ISP.

 

Your local IP address, which is assigned to the specific device (PC or whatever) you would like to forward the port(s) to, is the one that needs to be specified. This is critical.

 

Windows Users:

Open a command line window and type:

ipconfig

The IPv4 Address is what you're after.

 

Mac OS X Users:

Open the terminal and type:

ifconfig |grep inet

The number following the last inet entry is your local IP.

 

Linux Users:

Don't need my help. ;)

AgungPrasetio
AgungPrasetio

I Try this, but both of it didn't work.. any advice...?



VyprVPN Personal VPN lets you browse securely