A Handy Guide to Using the Files You've Downloaded

Discussion in 'File Sharing' started by Miniver, Aug 2, 2004.

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  1. Miniver

    Miniver Adjudicator Established Member

    A Handy Guide to Using the Files You've Downloaded

    Hey guys, here's some info about common files that you can download from the internet, and a little bit about using these files for their intended purposes. If you're stuck on what exactly a file is or how to open it maybe your answer lies ahead. If after reading this, you still don't know how to use a file with a particular extension, please feel free to ask about it in this thread. Keep in mind that any copyrighted names must be removed from the filename to comply with the rules of the forum.

    Compression Files

    .rar .zip .ace .r01 .001

    These extensions are quite common and mean that your file(s) are compressed into an "archive". This is just a way of making the files more compact and easier to download.

    To open any of those archives listed above you can use WinRAR (Make sure you have the latest version) or PowerArchiver.

    If those progams aren't working for you and you have a .zip file you can try WinZip, or 7-Zip.

    If the two first mentioned programs aren't working for you and you have a .ace or .001 file you can try Winace (Trial version).

    .cbr .cbz

    These are usually comic books in an archive format. a .cbr file is actually the same thing as a .rar file and a .cbz file is the same as a .zip file. However, often when opening them with WinRAR or WinZip it will disorder your pages. To display these archives properly it's often best to use CDisplay.

    Multimedia Files


    .avi .mpg .mpeg .divx .xvid .wmv .asf

    These files are usually movies or TVshows, or a host of other types of media. They can be viewed using various media players including Windows Media Player, but I suggest using Zoomplayer, BSPlayer, VLC media player or Media Player Classic. Also, you'll need to make sure you have the right codecs to play each individual file. Codecs are a tricky business sometimes so to help you out with your file and what exact codecs it needs try using GSpot. It tells you what codecs you need. Then just look on the net to find them.

    The K-Lite Codec Pack is a collection of codecs and related tools. Codecs are needed for encoding and decoding (playing) audio and video. The user-friendly installation is fully customizable, which means that you can install only those components that you want.
    There are three versions of the K-Lite Codec Pack: The Basic version, who fits on a single floppy disk, contains only the most essential codecs and related tools. The Standard version contains everything what is needed to play all the commonly used formats. The Full version contains even more codecs and also has encoding support.

    K-Lite Codec Pack 2.27 Full (8.14 Mb)
    K-Lite Codec Pack 2.27 Standard (4.35 Mb)
    K-Lite Codec Pack 2.27 Basic (1.33 Mb)

    Alternately you could download codecs individually, here's a few.

    ffdshow (Recommended! (plays many formats: XviD, DivX, 3ivX, mpeg-4))
    XviD codec
    DivX codec
    ac3filter (for AC3 soundtracks, aka "5.1")
    Ogg Vorbis (for .OGM files)

    Can't find what you're looking for? Check out these sites...



    These are QuickTime files. There are alternatives to the original program, if like me, you don't like it. Check out Quick Time Alternative or Media Player Classic which can play these files so long as you have the codec already installed.

    .ra .rm .ram

    These are RealPlayer files. I'm not a big fan of Realplayer. It installs lord knows what on your system and never really goes away when you want to uninstall it. Still if you insists you can get the player here. There are however alternatives to the original program, check out Real Alternative and Media Player Classic


    These can be a pain on some peoples setups, but more so, on your stand-alone DVD player. Not all dvd players will play vcd/svcds, and some will play vcd but not svcd. There is a searchable database for dvd player compatibility here.

    And a list here

    For working with disk images of vcd/svcds (.bin/.cue, .iso, .ccd/.img/.sub) see the cd image section below.

    For all your video needs check out www.videohelp.com and www.doom9.org. These guys know their stuff, and can help you with all kinds of media related questions.

    .vob .ifo .bup
    Video_ts folder
    Usually these files will come all together in one folder called video_ts. This is a direct backup of a dvd's file system. Use Nero to burn them onto a dvdr by selecting "dvd video" from the dvd menu.


    .mp3 .mp2

    Play them with WinAmp or your favorite audio player. Most new dvd players support the playing of mp3 cds. Making mp3 cds lets you put 100+ mp3 files on a cd for playing on your dvd player, computer, or portable mp3 cd player. However, they will not work on a regular cd player.

    .ogm .ogg

    Ogg Vorbis media files. You can find out more about them and download applications Here. This filetype is another encoding format that can be used for various media. Any new version of WinAmp will also do.

    .ape .flac .shn

    These are music files which have been compressed using lossless codecs. This means that all of the original sound and frequencies have been retained. Most audio codecs, including the mp3 format are lossy codecs which discard certain frequency ranges in favor of smaller file sizes. For the free lossless audio codec or flac see here. For Monkeys audio codec or ape see here. For Shorten or shn see here.

    CD Image Files

    .bin and .cue

    These are your standard images of a CD, and are used quite alot these days. To open them you have a couple options.

    You can burn them using Nero , FireBurner or Alcohol 120%, but this proves to be soooooooo problematic for a lot of people.

    You can also use Daemon Tools, which lets you mount the image to a "virtual cd-rom", so basically it tricks your computer into thinking that you have another cd-rom and that you're putting a cd with your image file on it into this virtual cd-rom, it's great cuz you'll never make a bad cd again.

    Alcohol 120% also sports a virtual cd-rom feature. Finally, if you're still struggling to access the files contained within any given image file you can use CDMage to extract the files and then burn them, or just access them from your hard drive.

    You can also use VCDGear to extract the mpeg contents of a SVCD or VCD image file such as bin/cue.


    Another type of image file that follows similar rules as .bin and .cue, only you extract or create them using WinISO or Isobuster Sometimes converting a problematic .bin and .cue file to an .iso can help you burn it to a cd. Examples of programs that burns iso's are: Nero, FireBurner and Easy CD Creator but there are many many more!

    .ccd .img .sub

    All these files go together and are in the CloneCD format. CloneCD is like most other CD-Burning programs, see the .bin and .cue section if you're having problems with these files.


    These are Discjuggler image files. Alcohol 120% is able burn these. Daemon Tools and Alcohol 120% can mount them.


    Another type of image file created with Nero. As far as I know these are not mountable, except maybe by Nero. These are also apparently only usable by the version of Nero that created them. I don't recommend using these, as I've had nothing but problems with them.

    .mds .mdf

    These are media descriptor files created with Alcohol 120%. They are mountable using either Daemon Tools or Alcohol 120%.

    .bwt .bwi .bws

    I haven't really encountered these much, but some people still use them. These are Blindwrite image files. Use Blindwrite or Alcohol 120% or mount with Daemon Tools or Alcohol 120%.

    Other Files

    .txt .doc

    These are text files. .txt files can be opened with notepad or watever you default text editor happens to be, and .doc are opened with Microsoft Word. Be careful when opening .doc files from unknown sources, they may contain macro viruses.


    These contain information about the file you just downloaded, and it's HIGHLY recommended that you read these! They will usually contain information regarding: the particular release group, the release date, the encoding method used (xvid, divx, vcd, svcd...) and format (ntsc/pal) for movie files; any cracks, keygens or cd-keys for applications and games; and various other pieces of important information. They are plain text files, often with ascii-art. You can open them with Notepad, Wordpad, Damn NFO Viewer or UltraEdit.

    Unfortunately Windows uses this extension for it's system info program so simply double-clicking on the file probably wont work.

    On Windows Xp

    Right click on the .nfo file and select "properties"
    click the button marked "change"
    click "select the program from list"
    click "ok"
    select the program you would like to deal with this filetype
    check the box next to "Always use the selected program to open this type of file"
    click ok.
    Now any time you double click on a .nfo file, it will open correctly.


    Adobe Portable Document Format

    Like Microsoft Word documents these can contain text, pictures and formatting. Unlike Microsoft Word documents, they cannot contain viruses, and cannot be modified easily.
    Opened with Adobe Acrobat Reader.

    .jpg .gif .tga .psd .png

    Basic image files. These files generally contain pictures, and can be opened with Adobe Photoshop or whatever your default image viewer is.


    Checks to make sure that your multi-volume archives are complete. This just lets you know if you've downloaded something complete or not. You probably will only need to use this file type if you are downloading off of newsgroups. Because most releases come from the newsgroups, these files tend to show up on file sharing networks. You can open/activate these files with SFVChecker (Trial version) or HKsfv for example.

    .p** (where the asterisks are numbers)

    These are parity files, and are often used when downloading from newsgroups. Parity files are usually posted along with the original files, with an index file at the beginning of a post and different sizes of volumes at the end of a post. These files can fill in gaps when you're downloading something from a newsgroup and get corrupted or missing parts. Open them with QuickPar.

    If you can't find your extension in this list you can also check here.

    This file was originally written by hussdiesel at filesoup, then edited by Rhomboid, re-edited by the Torrentbits staff and re-edited by Miniver.
  2. dock0184

    dock0184 1+1 = 3 ;-)

    Every zeropaid.com needs this list =) Thanks for a great list, Miniver. If only one could open all these files with a single opensource app, wouldn't that be life?
  3. crackerjacker

    crackerjacker Member

    excellent job miniver
  4. rebirth

    rebirth Transmission Intermittent

    holy, fucking, shit. Amazing. I luff you. Good fuckin' job, d00d.
  5. cjules13

    cjules13 Member Established Member

    tight - somebody sticky this, and get the link ready to paste for noobs....
  6. Miniver

    Miniver Adjudicator Established Member

    I can't take full credit for this. I found the list here and made revisions, added new info and links, and made corrections.

    Note the credits at the bottom.
  7. MoonMan

    MoonMan Member Established Member

    Damn good work.
  8. Elviz

    Elviz Chilean P2P Soldier

    Very Useful

    Good Work!
  9. shawners

    shawners Hurt no more my son.

    Yeah, very useful indeed.. This needs to be saved as a HTML.. and put in file sharing app zip files you download.. like if you download shareaza.zip The html would be in there as Read me first. File sharing programs should start to do that or have it on their site, in details of what all the files do.
  10. Dizzle4

    Dizzle4 Member

    Awesome! This guide is great. You have no idea how much searching and asking I have to do just to get an idea of what I have actually downloaded. Good Work :gj
  11. nukehella

    nukehella Member Established Member

    You've posted some good stuff lately Miniver.
  12. crackerjacker

    crackerjacker Member

    wow its even better this is great information.
    *saves a copy to my hard drive* I am sure I will need this information in the future, if not I can always email it to someone who needs the help.

    rock on
  13. YWD67

    YWD67 YOUR WATCH DOG 67 Established Member

    New Age Mr. Wizard

    Miniver when in the hell do you find time to sleep. All the information you put out must require a hell of a lot of research and time. It is not just tech tips either; your just as well versed and well researched on politics, religion, etc. You are one of the most well rounded educated person I have met on the net.
    If however you are not a human, but rather an alien, please take me off this dying dirt ball of a planet and take me to your world.
  14. F0wler

    F0wler Member

    Nice job. This really should be included in the zip files of p2p apps. It would make for a lot less confusion.

    Great job!! :)
  15. Mels_Smileys45

    Mels_Smileys45 JabberZombie Established Member

    I think you covered it all very well Miniver. Opps! heehee
  16. crackerjacker

    crackerjacker Member

    I love him more :)
    no he really has done a great job, miniver u can maybe sticky this on here, btw did u post this on slyck or other p2p sites that would be cool if u did. If i get a chance and if you want i can post it on a couple of other forums ?
  17. Mels_Smileys45

    Mels_Smileys45 JabberZombie Established Member

    This one is already sticky.
    One thing I just found out that I thought was strange, OGG files can also be movie files. Seems to work well with movies but I didnt know people used OGG for them.
  18. muffenme

    muffenme Registered Moonatic


    Great job but where .WAV and .WMA

    I know .WAV is an uncompressed audio file.

    .WMA is Microsoft version of the .MP3 or .OGG which is a compressed audio file that can be played with some some program like WinAmp or Media Player or on some CD player.

    .RA is Real Media file for mainly audio, less programs can play this format then .MP3, OGG, or .WMA.
    .RV is Real Media file for mainly video even less program can play this file format
    .RAM is Real Media file for a link file or play list.

    There other that aren't use by many people such as .txt audio file, I seen this format in an old version of cooledit. I also saw a compress .wav made by Intel also.

    Emulator have there too.

    .bin - Atari 2600 roms, Atari 5200 roms, Intellivision roms, Odyssey 2 roms
    .rom - Atari 7800 roms, Coleco Vision roms, Palm system file
    .t64 - Commadore tape file
    .d64 - Commadore disk file
    .prg - Commadore Cartage
    .gb - Gameboy roms
    .gbc - Gameboy Color roms
    .gba - Gameboy Advance roms
    .smd - Sega Genesis roms
    .nes - The NES roms
    .psf - palm save file
    .pdb - Palm data file
    .prc - Palm software
    .sms - Sega Master System roms
    .gg - Game gear roms
    .smc - Super NES roms
    .srm - Super NES game save
    .pce - Turbo Graphix 16 roms
    .83p - TI-83 programs files
    .83g - TI-83 graphic file (I think)

    .gme are playstation memory cards
    .mcr are playstation memory cards
    .mcd are playstation memory cards
    .mem are playstation memory cards
    .sps are playstation 2 memory cards

    that alot and there even more.

  19. g-smooth2k

    g-smooth2k PC P2P Tek-A-Zoid Established Member

    Good Job and Write up Miniver....
  20. Miniver

    Miniver Adjudicator Established Member

    Uncompressed audio is rarely shared due to its large file sizes, that's why, specifically, I did not add .wav. There are many different audio formats, to list them all would make the guide needlessly long. I have a link to a list of all other known audio formats and their extensions in the body of the guide.

    I considered doing so but ended up not adding emulators and their various roms as there are just too many to list realistically and to do so would clutter up the simplicity of the guide and make it too much in4mation for the average visitor to go through to find what they need. It would have to be a separate guide as there are many different emulators for various systems, which run on many different systems. Thank you for the input though. I'm sure it will help some people out who don't find what they are looking for in the guide.

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